Kanner autism, or classic autism, is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by challenges with social communication, and by restricted and repetitive behaviors. It is now considered part of the wider... Wikipedia

  • Specialty:  psychiatry, pediatrics, occupational medicine
  • Symptoms:  Trouble with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and presence of restricted interests and repetitive behavior
  • Usual onset:  By age two or three
  • Duration:  Lifelong
  • Causes:  Genetic and environmental factors
  • Diagnostic method:  Based on behavior and developmental history
  • Differential diagnosis:  Reactive attachment disorder, intellectual disability, schizophrenia
  • Medication:  Antipsychotics, antidepressants, stimulants (associated symptoms)
  • Treatment:  Occupational therapy, speech therapy, psychotropic medication
  • Frequency:  24.8 million (2015)
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo